TALMUD. The 27rd Massekhet – Avoda Zara

The prohibition against Avoda Zara is the most severe prohibition in the Torah. It includes the belief and worship of all deities whether on their own or in concert with God, whether they are perceived as spiritual, natural forces or animals. Any worship of these deities, whether worshiping the concept, the thing itself or a representative object, is forbidden as Avoda Zara. This prohibition appears in the Ten Commandments and is repeated throughout the Torah and the books of the prophets. In explanation of the severity of this act it must be understood that idol worship is the antithesis of the most basic Jewish concept, that is, the belief in a single, unique God who rules over all things. The Rabbinic statement that expresses this idea states “Whoever accepts Avoda Zara denies the entire Torah.”

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the link to the previous Massekhet:
http://kabbalistnyc.com/?p=4412

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TALMUD. The 26rd Massekhet – Shevuot

Massekhet Shevuot offers an exposition of how Jewish law relates to different types of oaths. The placement of Massekhet Shevuot in Seder Nezikin can be explained because some of the laws that apply to oaths are connected with courtroom activities (e.g., oaths taken by litigants as part of the court process, or someone who swears that he does not have testimony to offer). Thus, it is usually placed just after Massekhet Makkot as an additional conclusion to the laws of courts that appear in Massekhet Sanhedrin. At the same time it includes discussions of oaths in general that parallel the laws of vows found in Massekhet Nedarim, as well as other topics – including discussions of sacrifices and ritual purity – that are raised tangentially.

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the link to the previous Massekhet:
http://kabbalistnyc.com/?p=4408

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TALMUD. The 25rd Massekhet – Makkot

Massekhet Makkot is a companion tractate to Massekhet Sanhedrin, and effectively completes it, inasmuch as it also deals with criminal law and the punishments meted out by the Jewish courts. This stands in contrast to the earlier tractates of Seder Nezikin whose focus was on civil law and personal interactions. At the same time, Massekhet Makkot differs from Massekhet Sanhedrin in that Sanhedrin deals mainly with serious crimes that deserve capital punishment, while Makkot discusses other types of crimes whose punishments are less severe.

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the link to the previous Massekhet
http://kabbalistnyc.com/?p=4399

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PTIKHA LeHOKHMAT HaKABBALAH by Baal HaSulam with the comments of Rabash (Part Fifteen)-He’i(5) Partzufim Atzilut and the notion M”A and Bo”N in each of those Spiritual Structures.

In Letter K’uf-H’af(120) Baal haSulam says that the level of M”A haH’adash unfolds in a whole new world, the way it goes with the world of Nekkudim, and the reason for that is the double nature of Massakh( 1-the level of spiritual structure and 2-Bkhinna Dalet, which connets with the present spiritual level in the framework of Tzimtzum Bet), where at the time of Light unfold of Zo”N deA”K through Tabur and Yes’od towards Ga”R deNekkudim Tzimtzum Alef comes to play an active role, which means that Bkhina Dalet-He’i Takhton’a goes downward from the level of Eina’im(eye) to Pe’h(mouth)- the process which brings with it the formation of all the levels of Gadl’ut(full form) deNekkidim, but as all those levels(Kom’ot) go back and shutter and brake and all the Lights disappear from those spiritual levels, Tzimtzum Bet comes back to its place=(plays active role)and Bkhinna Dalet comes back and units with Massakh( which make the situation ready for Zivug Had’ash and New unfold of spiritual reality, which is this time-M”A haHad’adh).

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the link to the previous part:

PTIKHA LeHOKHMAT HaKABBALAH by Baal HaSulam with the comments of Rabash (Part Fourteen)- The World of Correction and New(form) of M”A which comes into being(from the spiritual level called)Metzakh(forehead) deA”K

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TALMUD. The 24rd Massekhet – Sanhedrin

In contrast to its name, Tractate Sanhedrin is not solely focused on laws relating to the Jewish court system, rather it is the Tractate of the Jewish State. Massekhet Sanhedrin deals with a broad range of issues that arise in connection with the workings of a Jewish State. All of the basic governmental institutions required by the Torah – and the relationships between them – are discussed in this tractate.

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PTIKHA LeHOKHMAT HaKABBALAH by Baal HaSulam with the comments of Rabash (Part Fourteen)- The World of Correction and New(form) of M”A which comes into being(from the spiritual level called)Metzakh(forehead) deA”K

In letter Ku’f -Y’ud Bet(112) Baal haSulam says that from the beginning of Ptikha and up till this letter we have discussed 4 First Partzufim(spiritual formations) deA”K(Adam Kadmon):The 1st Partzuf deA”K is called Galgalta(crown), where Zivug deAka’a(spiritual interaction) is performed on the level of Bkhinna Dalet(the strongest Ovi’ut=desire to get) and the E”S(10seffirot) which are formed there are of Ketter level, the 2nd Partzuf is called A”B deA”K…the 3rd Partzuf is called Sa”G deA”K…and the 4th is called M”A deA”K…

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the link to the previous part:
http://kabbalistnyc.com/?p=4390

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TALMUD. The 23rd Massekhet – Bava Batra

Massekhet Bava Batra – the “last gate” – is the third and final section of Massekhet Nezikin, the large tractate that deals with financial matters.

Bava Batra differs from its predecessors, Bava Kamma and Bava Metzia, in two ways that are interconnected. While Bava Kamma and Bava Metzia dealt, on some level, with prohibitions, Bava Batra focuses solely on civil law. Parallel to this, the laws contained in the other two massekhtot were often based on sources in the Torah and on the interpretation of the Sages, while our massekhta is grounded in Rabbinic enactments whose sources are their understanding of human nature, on community agreements and on the need to establish boundaries and principles for business transactions in the Jewish community.
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the link to the previous Massekhet:
http://kabbalistnyc.com/?p=4387

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PTIKHA LeHOKHMAT HaKABBALAH by Baal HaSulam with the comments of Rabash (Part Thirteen)- Shattering of the Vessels and their fall to the world of ABY”yA

In letter Ku’f-Alef (101) Baal haSulam says that after we have discussed the ascend of Ma”N and the meaning of Seffirat Da’at, which are the vessels of Panim(=activated part) deZa”T( of 7 lower seffirot) deNekkudim, which ascend to Av”A with the request for receiving the Light of Hokhma, which is received by Av”A through generating of Zivug(interaction) deA”B-Sa”G deA”K and passing of this new portion of Light to Av”A in the form of Nekkudat Shuruk by Zo”N deA”K, which makes He’i Tata’a=Malkhut descend from Nikve’i Eina’im(=orbits of eyes) down to its original level=Peh(mouth), the process which makes possible the ascend of Kellim deAkhora’im(kellim=vessels, akhora’im-non activated)deRosh=Av”A(head part), which are found lower to their original level after Tzimtzum Bet =on the level deZa”T(7 lower seffirot) back to their original spiritual level together with the Kellim dePanim deZa”T which are now combined with the Kellim deAkhora’im deRosh=Ga”R=Av”A through the laws of Tzimtzum Bet.

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TALMUD. The 22nd Massekhet – Bava Metzia

Tractate Bava Metzia (“The Middle Gate”) is actually one section of an ancient Talmudic tractate – Massekhet Nezikin – which deals with issues of civil law, and was eventually divided into three parts (bavot, or “gates”). As is true of the other sections, Massekhet Bava Metzia focuses on one main topic, which divides into a large number of different issues, as is common in Talmudic discussions. The main topic of this tractate involves business interactions between people that are informed by Torah laws that define and limit them. Thus, the discussion does not cover all areas of business and possessions, rather it is limited to those areas where the Torah adds unique commandments or prohibitions beyond the normal laws that apply to business interactions.

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TALMUD. The 21th Massekhet – Bava Kamma

Massekhet Bava Kamma (“The first gate”) was once part of a large tractate that was made up of the first three massekhtot in Seder Nezikim (“The Order of Damages”). These “three gates” together deal with monetary matters and they encompass almost all civil law in the Jewish law canon. Laws relating to criminal matters – and certainly those having to do with purely religious matters – appear in these tractates only as side issues. Massekhet Bava Kamma deals with one specific area of law – the areas of responsibility and types of payments that someone is obligated in when damaging his fellow, both when causing him bodily harm and when damaging his property. This is true whether the damage was done by the individual himself or by his property.

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