Category Archives: Beginner

TALMUD. The 27rd Massekhet – Avoda Zara

The prohibition against Avoda Zara is the most severe prohibition in the Torah. It includes the belief and worship of all deities whether on their own or in concert with God, whether they are perceived as spiritual, natural forces or … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 30 Comments

TALMUD. The 26rd Massekhet – Shevuot

Massekhet Shevuot offers an exposition of how Jewish law relates to different types of oaths. The placement of Massekhet Shevuot in Seder Nezikin can be explained because some of the laws that apply to oaths are connected with courtroom activities … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 50 Comments

TALMUD. The 25rd Massekhet – Makkot

Massekhet Makkot is a companion tractate to Massekhet Sanhedrin, and effectively completes it, inasmuch as it also deals with criminal law and the punishments meted out by the Jewish courts. This stands in contrast to the earlier tractates of Seder … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 25 Comments

TALMUD. The 24rd Massekhet – Sanhedrin

In contrast to its name, Tractate Sanhedrin is not solely focused on laws relating to the Jewish court system, rather it is the Tractate of the Jewish State. Massekhet Sanhedrin deals with a broad range of issues that arise in … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 114 Comments

TALMUD. The 23rd Massekhet – Bava Batra

Massekhet Bava Batra – the “last gate” – is the third and final section of Massekhet Nezikin, the large tractate that deals with financial matters. Bava Batra differs from its predecessors, Bava Kamma and Bava Metzia, in two ways that … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 176 Comments

TALMUD. The 22nd Massekhet – Bava Metzia

Tractate Bava Metzia (“The Middle Gate”) is actually one section of an ancient Talmudic tractate – Massekhet Nezikin – which deals with issues of civil law, and was eventually divided into three parts (bavot, or “gates”). As is true of … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 120 Comments

TALMUD. The 21th Massekhet – Bava Kamma

Massekhet Bava Kamma (“The first gate”) was once part of a large tractate that was made up of the first three massekhtot in Seder Nezikim (“The Order of Damages”). These “three gates” together deal with monetary matters and they encompass … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 119 Comments

TALMUD. The 20th Massekhet – Kiddushin

As we approach the end of Seder Nashim – the “Order of Women” in the Mishna – we conclude our discussion of the various obligations and responsibilities involved in the marital relationship with the rules and regulations relating to the … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 82 Comments

TALMUD. The 19th Massekhet – Gittin

According to the traditional order of the Talmud, Gittin appears as the next-to-the-last tractate in the order Nashim. Its main focus is the way divorce is performed, while the circumstances under which divorce is permitted, encouraged or even obligatory are … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 90 Comments

TALMUD. The 18th Massekhet – Sota

Massekhet Sota deals primarily with the halakhot associated with the sota (see Bamidbar, Chapter 5) – a woman whose husband suspects that she is unfaithful, and warns her not to seclude herself with a specific man. In the event that … Continue reading

Posted in Beginner | Tagged , | 49 Comments