The concept of Evil is very puzzling to people who make their first steps towards the Creator and I therefore would like to explore on a very simplistic level the source of Evil and the reason behind it.First of all let’s start from the source. It is written “I create Light and I create Darkness”, which means that the Creator is the source of both Good and Evil! Baal-HaSulam uses the famous quote from our sages “Ein od Milvado” (there is none beside Him) to denote this concept in his article in the book Shamati. In addition, Tefilin (phylacteries) that we put on left arm and our head have a hint to it – if you look closely to the box of the head (typically between base & the box) you’ll see hairs coming from within it [the hair used as string to tight the inner part of tefilin – see picture below]. According to Kabbalah hair is a sign of impurity and therefore a natural question would arise – why is it being exposed on tefilin? The answer is: the hair (i.e. impurity/source of evil) deliberately comes out from tefilin to denote the point that source of Evil (as well as source of good) is only one – the Creator, and the Creator is like this black tefilin box – perfect and completely closed from us, i.e. beyond our understanding.
Now that we’ve passed the source let’s understand the reason behind it. Many people struggle with the idea that Evil can come from Creator. Of course, how can a death of innocent child or atrocities of Natzis be possibly initiated from such Divine essence of Creator when the most fundamental thing that Kabbalists teach us is that the Creator is pure love?! Many things can be written on the topic, however I would like to bring two points on pure logical level that should address this issue.
- The creation and possibility of Evil was necessary to create the most important factor – FREEDOM OF WILL! If there is no Evil, then there is no freedom of choice, if there is no freedom of choice we would have never been able to create Keilim and thus receive the Divine Light, and as Kabbalists teach us the whole world was created with only ONE purpose – to bestow good to Creations (“Matarat HaBriya Haita Lehativ Le-Nivaraav”)
- If there is freedom of will, then if a person decides to exercise it, Creator has to let him do it, otherwise we go back to point one.
Now to the point of Demons. Have you ever thought about who they really are and where they came from? I hope by now the second part of the question should be answered without hesitation – everything comes from Creator, but the question still remains as to HOW they came to us.
It is written in Bereshit that HaShem decided to flood the earth when the humanity fell to its lowest state. While this was clear, what really caught my eye was the sentence that stated that “Bnei-Alokim” (i.e. the sons of HaShem) started to have relationships with women from earth. While Rashi explains that the simple meaning of Bnei-Alokim would be the sons of noble families, this explanation wasn’t of satisfactory as it was apparent to me Torah wouldn’t use the term “bnei-alokim” to refer to human beings – Torah clearly was telling us about Angels having relationship with women!!
Time passed, but I couldn’t find answers until I found a reference to the book of Chanoch (Enoch in English). The story of Enoch is very interesting – in Bereshit, Torah tells us that HaShem Himself (!) took Enoch from earth when he was 365 years old. Commentators point out that his death was unexpected as typical lifespan of people on earth at that time was 900+ years. There are disagreements to the reason that HaShem decided to take Enoch in such “early age” but I don’t want to touch on them here.
Apparently Enoch left a manuscript in which he elaborates on this point of Bereshit. He describes that at that time Angels had relationships with women and that women bore their children, which were born giants, also referred to as Nepilim in Midrash. It is interesting that the word Nepilim means “to fall” – i.e. people fell on their faces when they saw Napilim, and my suspicion is that this happened not only because of their might height, but also due to their nature. These Nepilim and their descendents are some of the demons that many scriptures refer to.
It is unfortunate that Judaism isn’t accepting the book of Enoch as reliable source and therefore its original text which was in Hebrew is lost and we only have translations from it. Yet, it is fascinating scripture that describes Nepilim as well as the story of Enoch – specifically his transformation from Human to Angel. The script as well as other sources maintains that Enoch ascended to Heavens and become The Angel of Face, i.e. the Angel that has the authority to give orders on behalf of the Creator Himself – the only angel of this kind. It is also interesting to know that his new name “Metatorn” has gematriya of “Shadai” – HaShem’s name that literally means “She Amar Dai” – “One who said Enough”, i.e. One who defined limits within endless Spiritual realm.
If you can read Russian, I highly recommend this article which has comprehensive coverage on Angels: http://toldot.ru/rus_angelologija.php