Kabbalah teaches that the cherubs above the ark manifest various spiritual forms of love.
From the teachings of Rabbi Yitzchak Luria; translated and edited by Moshe Yaakov Wisnefsky
Angels and Arks
According to the Sages, the two cherubs represent the pairing of G-d and the Jewish people. The Sages state that when G-d was pleased with us, the cherubs faced each other; when not, they miraculously turned away from each other.
The Zohar further states that during the daily prayers, three times a day, the cherubs would miraculously spread their wings, and when the Jews experienced expanded mature consciousness at that time, their faces would change from that of children to that of adults. The Mystery of the Showbread
The loaves of Showbread were baked on Friday, placed on the Table in the Tabernacle on the Shabbat, and eaten by the priests the following Shabbat; miraculously, they stayed fresh for the whole week.
In Torah literature, the concepts of “eating” and “bread” are often used metaphorically to refer to sexual relations, which bring new life into the world. In a similar way, the Showbread in the Tabernacle, by effecting supernal spiritual unions, brought divine sustenance, i.e. life-force, to the physical world. Arks & Angels, Skin & Skulls
The original intention was for mankind to be aware and conscious of G-d’s unity much more directly than it is now. But since the sin of the Golden Calf, the human mind functions on the principle of duality and balance, contrast and juxtaposition represented by the twin Tablets of the Covenant.
When the first Tablets were shattered, the direct perception of G-d’s will and wisdom was shattered as well. Had this not occurred, there would have been no need for the painstaking dialectic process of Talmudic logic and exegesis through which the teachings of the Torah are derived from the text.
Developing Divine Dwellings
The Tabernacle that Moses built was a temporary structure. Eventually, a stone structure was built in Shiloh and the tapestries of the Tabernacle were spread over it. It did not have a fixed roof, for we were only able to express the lower half of the emotions, that aspect directed toward expression. The higher aspect of the emotions, the emotions as they are informed by the intellect, was “truncated”.