When you have eaten your fill, you shall bless YHVH your God for the good land that He has given you. (Devarim 8:10)

These words are the explicit source for the commandment of Birkat haMazon – blessing God after eating a meal. There are several blessings in the Birkat haMazon:

1.HaZan – praise for God, who sustains the world;

2.Birkat Ha’Aretz – thanks to God for everything, focusing on the Land of Israel;

3.Boneh Yerushalayim – petition to protect and rebuild Jerusalem;

4.HaTov vehaMeitiv – general praise and thanks for God.

In addition, when three or more men eat together, the Birkat haMazon is prefaced by the invitation known as Zimun. The Gemara (Berakhot 48b) expounds:


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3 Responses to MIKRA on Parshat EKEV.The COMPOSITION of BIRKAT HaMAZON

  1. In last week’s shiur, we discussed the three lessons (and one significant interruption) which comprise the bulk of Parashat Va’et’hanan and form the first half of the “exhortative” component of Mosheh Rabbenu’s speech. In that presentation, I argued that those three lessons are an integrated and “spiraling” educational experience, culminating in a description of the ideal relationship with God.
    As we will soon discover, the “shiur” (instruction) which commences near the beginning of Parashat Va’et’hanan (D’varim 4:1) does not conclude with the climactic statement “Sh’ma Yisra’el” which “headlines” the final lesson; indeed, the shiur continues until the end of Parashat Ekev (11:21).


  2. The Sfas Emes observes that HaShem made the world such that all things created should be brought together to be close to Him:


  3. The Sfas Emes extracts from this discussion one thought that is pertinent to his discourse, namely, the possibility that a person can construct a complete keili (instrument; vessel)) by assembling its components:


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