Massekhet Bava Batra – the “last gate” – is the third and final section of Massekhet Nezikin, the large tractate that deals with financial matters.
Bava Batra differs from its predecessors, Bava Kamma and Bava Metzia, in two ways that are interconnected. While Bava Kamma and Bava Metzia dealt, on some level, with prohibitions, Bava Batra focuses solely on civil law. Parallel to this, the laws contained in the other two massekhtot were often based on sources in the Torah and on the interpretation of the Sages, while our massekhta is grounded in Rabbinic enactments whose sources are their understanding of human nature, on community agreements and on the need to establish boundaries and principles for business transactions in the Jewish community.
to be continued in the form of comments.
the link to the previous Massekhet: